15.12.12

I have got y I have en gramática inglesa.


Have y Have got = tener
Estas dos expresiones ocasionan cierta confusión entre los estudiantes de inglés. Aunque sus estructuras son diferentes sus significados son exactamente iguales.
Tanto have como have got indican posesión y los dos se pueden utilizar para hablar de las relaciones, enfermedades y otras características.

Have got sólo se utiliza en el presente. Cuando queremos hablar en el pasado, tenemos que usar had que es el pasado de have.

Ahora veamos cómo se conjugan to have got y to have:

Las estructuras gramáticales para oraciones afirmativas:
Estructura con have got:
Sujeto + have / has + got + el resto de la frase.
Sujeto
Verbo
Contraida
Español
I
have got
I've got
Tengo
You
have got
You've got
Tienes
He
has got
He's got
Él tiene
She
has got
She's got
Ella tiene
It
(cosa o animal)
has got
It's got
Tiene
We
have got
We've got
Nosotros tenemos
They
have got
They've got
Ellos / Ellas tienen

¿Cómo formar oraciones afirmativas con have?
Estructura con have:
Sujeto + have / has + el resto de la frase.
No hay estructura contraída con have en la afirmativa.
Sujeto
Verbo
Español
I
have
Tengo
You
have
Tienes
He
has
Él tiene
She
has
Ella tiene
It
(cosa o animal)
has
Tiene
We
have
Nosotros tenemos
They
have
Ellos / Ellas tienen

¿Cómo se niega con have got?
Estructura negación have got:
Sujeto + have / has + not + got + el resto de la frase.
Sujeto
Verbo
Contraida
Español
I
have not got
I've not got
I haven't got
No tengo
You
have not got
You've not got
 You haven't got
No tienes
He
has not got
He's not got
He hasn't got
Él no tiene
She
has not got
She's not got
She hasn't got
Ella no tiene
It
(cosa o animal)
has not got
It's not go
  It hasn't got
No tiene
We
have not got
We've not go
We haven't got
Nosotros no tenemos
They
have not got
They've not got
 They haven't got
Ellos / Ellas tienen

¿Cómo se niega con have?
Estructura negación have, aquí tenemos utilizar el verbo auxiliar do:
Sujeto + do/does + not + have + el resto de la frase.
Sujeto
verbo
Contraida
Español
I
do not have
I don't have
No tengo
You
do not have
You don't have
No tienes
He
does not have
He doesn't have
Él no tiene
She
does not have
She doesn't have
Ella no tiene
It
(cosa o animal)
does not have
It doesn't have
No tiene
We
do not have
We don't have
Nosotros no tenemos
They
do not have
They don't have
Ellos / Ellas tienen

¿Cómo se pregunta con el have got?  
Estructura para hacer preguntas con have got:
Have / has + sujeto + got + resto de la frase?
HAVE GOT
Español
Have I got?
¿Yo tengo?
Have you got?
¿Tu tienes?
Has he got?
¿Él tiene?
Has she got?
¿Ella tiene?
Has it got?
¿Tiene?
Have we got?
¿Nosotros tenemos?
Have they got?
¿Ellos / Ellas tienen?

¿Cómo se pregunta con el have?
Estructura preguntas con have, aquí tenemos que utilizar el verbo auxiliar do:
Do / Does + sujeto + have + resto de la frase?
HAVE
Español
Do I have?
¿Yo tengo?
Do you have?
¿Tu tienes?
Does he have?
¿Él tiene?
Does she have?
¿Ella tiene?
Does it have?
¿Tiene?
Do we have?
¿Nosotros tenemos?
Do they have?
¿Ellos / Ellas tienen?


A continuación veamos varios ejemplos.
Ejemplos: oraciones afirmativas;
1) I have got a car. =
   I’ve got a car. =
   I have a car. - Tengo coche.

2) You have got black hair. =
   You’ve got black hair. =
   You have black hair. - Tienes el pelo negro.

3) He has got a big house. =
   He’s got a big house. =
   He has a big house. - Él tiene una casa grande.

4) She has got a cold. =
   She’s got a cold. =
   She has a cold. - Ella tiene un resfriado.

5) It has got a bone. =
   It’s got a bone. =
   It has a bone. - Tiene un hueso.

6) They have got a lot of book. =
   They’ve got a lot of books. =
   They have a lot of books. - Tienen muchos libros.

Ejemplos: oraciones negativas;
7) I have not got a car. =
   I haven’t got a car. =
   I do not have a car. =  
   I don’t have a car. - No tengo coche.

8) You have not got black hair. =
   You haven’t got black hair. =
   You do not have black hair. =
   You don’t have black hair. - No tienes el pelo negro.

9) He has not got a small house. =
   He hasn’t got a small house. =
   He does not have a small house. =
   He doesn’t have a small house. - Él no tiene una casa pequeña.

10) She has not got a cold. =
     She hasn’t got a cold. =
     She does not have a cold =
     She doesn’t have a cold. - Ella no tiene un resfriado.

11) It has not got a bone. =
     It hasn’t got a bone. =
     It does not have a bone. =  
     It doesn’t have a bone.- No tiene un hueso.

12) They have not got a lot of books. =
     They haven’t got a lot of books. =
     They  do not have a lot of books. =
     They don’t have a lot of books. - No tienen muchos libros.

Ejemplos: preguntas;
13) Have I got a car. =
     Do I have a car. - ¿Tengo coche?

14) have you got black hair. =
     Do you have black hair. - ¿Tienes el pelo negro?

15) Has he got a big house. =
     Does he have a big house. - ¿Él tiene una casa grande?.

16) Has she got a cold. =
     Does she have a cold. - ¿Ella tiene un resfriado?

17) Has it got a bone. =
     Does it have a bone. - ¿Tiene un hueso?

18) Have they got a lot of book. =
     Do they have a lot of books. - ¿Tienen muchos libros?

Have tiene otros usos. Por ejemplo;
to have breakfastdesayunar
to have lunchcomer
to have dinner cenar
to have a snackmerendar
to have a bathbañarse
to have a showerducharse
to have a good timepasarlo bien
to have a hard timepasarlo mal


Curso ingles online. Gramática inglesa.


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